“in-human gardens”: two bio-digital sculptures by ecoLogicStudio

                                              The future forms of spatial intelligence

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                                              Appreciation towards ecoLogicStudio for providing the following description:

                                              ecoLogicStudio的创始人Claudia Pasquero和Marco Poletto近期与UCL建筑学院的城市形态实验室、因斯布鲁克大学的人造景观实验室以及南丹麦大学的CREATE Group / WASP Hub进行合作,共同参与了巴黎蓬皮杜艺术中心举办的“La Fabrique du vivant”(有生命的织物)展览(2019年2月20日-4月15日)。本次展览是由Marie-Ange Brayer和Olivier Zeitoun共同策划的Mutations-Créations系列展览中的一部分,旨在对生命体和人工生命进行追溯。

                                              如策展人所言,在当下的数字时代,人造物与生命科学、神经科学以及合成生物学等领域之间正不断形成新的互动。“生命”的概念开始以一种人工形式展现出来,并逐渐渗透到全球的都市生活当中。人造城市网络不断趋于微型化和智能化,乃至达到了一种非人性所及的复杂性。

                                              Claudia Pasquero and Marco Poletto, founders of ecoLogicStudio (www.ecologicstudio.com) and their research partners: the Urban Morphogenesis Lab at The Bartlett UCL, the Synthetic Landscape Lab at Innsbruck University, and the CREATE Group / WASP Hub Denmark at the University of Southern Denmark, are participating in the exhibition “La Fabrique du vivant” [The Fabric of the living] at the Centre Pompidou in Paris (20 February – 15 April 2019). The show, part of Mutations-Créations series and curated by Marie-Ange Brayer with Olivier Zeitoun, retraces the archaeology of the living and of artificial life.

                                              As the curators assert, in the digital era, a new interaction is emerging between creation and the fields of life science, neuroscience and synthetic biology. The notion of “living” takes on a new form of artificiality, that permeates the entire Urbansphere — the global apparatus of contemporary urbanity. Here, the miniaturization, distribution and intelligence of manmade urban networks have reached in-human complexity, engendering evolving processes of synthetic life on Earth.

                                              ▼展览现场的生物数字雕塑,living sculpture displayed in the exhibition “La Fabrique du vivant”

                                              在这一背景下,由建筑师Claudia Pasquero和Marco Poletto领导的多学科团队共同创作了名为“非-人类花园”的3D打印雕塑作品,探讨了人类生命与非人类生命的关系。这项作品分为两部分,其一是由蓝藻细菌群落构成的“H.O.R.T.U.S. XL Astaxanthin.g”,其二是基于亚洲狼蛛的生活习性而构建的“XenoDerma”。艺术家在研究内共生生物模型时开发出了不同的基础空间结构,能够对它们的非人类行为形成干预。这两件作品均可以看作是比例为1:1的生物建筑原型,或者说是一种可以适应城市生活的“亲生物建筑表皮”(biophilic architectural skins)。

                                              Within this context, a multidisciplinary team led by architects Claudia Pasquero and Marco Poletto, has created “in-human gardens”, two 3D printed living sculptures receptive to human and non-human life. These pieces confront the pillars of human rationality with the effects of proximity to bio-artificial intelligence. Both sculptures have been developed in “collaboration” with living organisms, more specifically colonies of photosynthetic cyanobacteria, H.O.R.T.U.S. XL Astaxanthin.g, and a collective of Asian Fawn Tarantulas, XenoDerma. Their non-human agency is mediated by spatial substructures developed by the artists while studying biological models of endosymbiosis. These structures are algorithmically designed and produced by means of large-scale, high-resolution 3D printing technology. Both sculptural pieces are intended to be speculative 1:1 scale prototypes of living architectures, a new generation of thick biophilic architectural skins receptive to urban life.

                                              ▼“H.O.R.T.U.S. XL Astaxanthin.g”,由蓝藻细菌群落构成,H.O.R.T.U.S. XL Astaxanthin.g – developed in “collaboration” with colonies of photosynthetic cyanobacteria

                                              ▼“XenoDerma”,基于亚洲狼蛛的生活习性而构建,XenoDerma,  a collective of Asian Fawn Tarantulas

                                               

                                               

                                              作品详述
                                              Description

                                              H.O.R.T.U.S. XL Astaxanthin.g
                                              由ecoLogicStudio与因斯布鲁克大学的人造景观实验室以及南丹麦大学的CREATE Group / WASP Hub合作设计
                                              ecoLogicStudio in collaboration with Innsbruck University – Synthetic Landscape Lab, CREATE Group / WASP Hub Denmark – University of Southern Denmark

                                              H.O.R.T.U.S. XL Astaxanthin.g以珊瑚的形态为灵感,利用数字算法对生物基质的生长进行了模拟。该作品由3D打印机以400微米的图层单位生产出来,并通过46毫米的三角形单元结构进行支撑,形成一系列边长为18.5厘米的六边形图块。光合蓝藻细菌通过生物凝胶培养基接种在三角形的单元(或者说生物像素)上,共同构成一个智能的生物系统。它们的代谢由光合作用驱动,能够将光照转化为氧气和生物质能。每个生物像素的密度值均通过数字计算,为的是对光合生物进行最优化的排列,使其沿着构造表面不断生长。

                                              In H.O.R.T.U.S. XL Astaxanthin.g, a digital algorithm simulates the growth of a substratum inspired by coral morphology. This is physically deposited by 3D printing machines in layers of 400 microns, supported by triangular units of 46 mm and divided into hexagonal blocks of 18.5 cm. Photosynthetic cyanobacteria are inoculated on a biogel medium into the individual triangular cells, or bio-pixel, forming the units of biological intelligence of the system. Their metabolisms, powered by photosynthesis, convert radiation into actual oxygen and biomass. The density-value of each bio-pixel is digitally computed in order to optimally arrange the photosynthetic organisms along iso-surfaces of increased incoming radiation. Among the oldest organisms on Earth, cyanobacteria’s unique biological intelligence is gathered as part of a new form of bio-digital architecture.

                                               

                                               

                                              XenoDerma 
                                              由Claudia Pasquero在UCL建筑学院带领的城市形态实验室设计
                                              Urban Morphogenesis Lab directed by Claudia Pasquero at The Bartlett UCL

                                              XenoDerma将蜘蛛网的形态与人造的空间支架结合起来,通过算法和3D打印制作而成。蜘蛛的意志并不完全存在于身体内:它们所编织的网络本身就构成了一种空间性的思维,并成为了其认知系统的组成部分。在XenoDerma中,设计师通过3D打印的支架结构和它所包含的几何特征对蜘蛛的行为及其织网的技能进行了重新设定,为作品赋予了一种带有生产性质的不确定性,使其在生物、技术和数字领域的交织中呈现出一种柔和而奇异的美感。

                                              In XenoDerma, spider web morphogenesis is intercepted with a man-made spatial scaffolding, algorithmically designed and 3D printed. Spiders’ minds, in this case Asian Fawn Tarantulas, do not entirely reside in their bodies, as their webs constitute a form of spatial thinking. Information from their webs become an integral part of their cognitive systems. The behaviour of the spiders and the production of silk is re-programmed in XenoDerma through the design of the 3D printed substructure and of its geometrical features. The result consciously seeks productive ambiguity, revealing in the alien beauty of its silky morphologies, an intelligence that resides somewhere at the intersection of the biological, technological and digital realms.

                                              CREDITS
                                              H.O.R.T.U.S. XL Astaxanthin.g, 2019, 3d printed substratum, micro-algae in biogel medium, 320 x 272 x 114 cm
                                              Design: ecoLogicStudio (Claudia Pasquero, Marco Poletto, Konstantinos Alexopoulos, Matteo Baldissarra, Michael Brewster)
                                              Research partner for biological as well as 3d printed systems and production development: Synthetic Landscape Lab, IOUD, Innsbruck University (Prof. Claudia Pasquero, Maria Kuptsova, Terezia Greskova, Emiliano Rando, Jens Burkart, Niko Jabadari, Simon Posch); Photosynthetica consortium (www.photosynthetica.co.uk)
                                              Research partner for 3d printed systems and production development: CREATE Group / WASP Hub Denmark – University of Southern Denmark (SDU) (Prof. Roberto Naboni, Furio Magaraggia)
                                              Engineering: YIP structural engineering, Manja Van De Vorp
                                              Microalgal Medium Material Support: Ecoduna AG
                                              3D printing Material Support: Extrudr
                                              XenoDerma, 2018, spider silk morphologies (Asian Fawn Tarantulas) informed by 3D printed substratum, 118 x 34 x 93 cm
                                              Design, Production and Research: Urban Morphogenesis Lab (Lab Director: Claudia Pasquero Cluster Researchers: Filippo Nassetti, Emmanouil Zaroukas Design Team: Mengxuan Lii, Xiao Liang) B-Pro, The Bartlett School of Architecture, UCL
                                              www.urbanmorphogenesislab.com
                                              In-human Gardens Video, 2019 by ecoLogicStudio
                                              Concept: Claudia Pasquero, Marco Poletto
                                              Production and editing: Konstantinos Alexopoulos, Michael Brewster
                                              La Fabrique du Vivant [The Fabric of the Living]
                                              20 February – 15 April 2019
                                              Galerie 4 – Centre Pompidou, Paris
                                              www.centrepompidou.fr

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